Varieties of diseases and sickness

POISONING

Varieties of diseases and sickness 


Poisoning in human 

      POISONING IS AN EMERGENCY that happens suddenly. Scarcely anyone is prepared for it.The best thing to do therefore is to familiarize yourself with certain first-aid measures that are helpful in checking the effects of most poisons.In all cases of poisoning,except in the case of phenol(carbolic acid), the first thing to do is to try to empty the stomach.This is best done in the home by giving salt water.(Mix three teaspoons of salt to a quart of water.) Milk and white of egg, which freely mixes with the poison,are also effective antidotes.Let the patient take as much of these as possible.Then induce vomiting by putting the finger to the back of the tongue and pressing down.Strong tea is also a good antidote.
       Phenol (carbolic acid) poisoning rarely occurs. If it does,however, let the victim have some alcohol;this is one case where alcohol is useful,After this give calcium in some form.
The alcohol-calcium combination will form an insoluble substance and act as an antidote.Milk and egg white also effective.If those who take to poisoning with a suicidal intent could see the horrible death that follows,They would rather live!
    Poisoning can go a long way by damaging so many organs in the body some of this poison damages the heart,pancreas,liver, brain,kidney and some other vital organs in the body .know doctor can determine the extent damaged a poison can do to human.However, proper diagnosis and treatment we showcase the damages it has done.But no damages can be reversed completely it can only be partial.
   In this situation if someone take poison is possible for one self immune system fight and hold a little while if it is quickly attended to by the doctors it could be reversed.

Hernia (Rupture)

    It is common for weaknesses to occur in the wall of the abdomen as well as in the diaphragm and between the abdomen
and leg. Very frequently we see hernias of the umbilicus or navel,where the cord was attached. This is usually small and does not
need treatment. For many years the practice of carefully strapping
the umbilicus has been followed but now it is known that this is not necessary. Results are just as good without it.
The most common type of hernia is inguinal hernia, occuring near the pubic bone. In this case a weakness in the abdominal
wall is noticed ; the omentum and intestines try to push their way through,causing a swelling which subsides when one
lies down. Sometimes the intestine and the
omentum push through the Weakened Wall and Cannot be replaced.This can be dangerous.circulation may be cut off,resulting in the death of the part so strangulated. If it cannot be pushed back promptly the patient must be operated on immediately.
    There can be a weakness of the diaphragm with some or all of the stomach pushing up through the diaphragm into the chest cavity.in the lower abdomen we occasionally see a femoral hernia, due to a weakness in the wall separating the abdomen from the leg through into the leg. The omentum and intestines try to push through into the leg.All hernias should eventually be treated surgically. No other treatment is satisfactory.

Jaundice (Infectious Hepatitis)

This term is used to designate a situation where there is an increase of bile in the blood due to an obstruction of the flow or bile from the liver.This is due to some blocking of the small canals that lead the bile away. When the flow of bile is thus hindered,it is absorbed into the blood stream,giving the eyes and skin a greenish yellow colour. The liver tissue is destroyed to a greater or lesser extent depending on the severity of the case. The liver, however, has marked powers of regeneration,and healing will start while the destructive process is still going on.
Jaundice and Viral Hepatitis - Signs and Symptoms -

   The cause of infectious hepatitis is a virus that gains entrance to the body through contaminated water. Unfortunate
incidents have occurred where an epidemic of jaundice has followed an accidental contamination of the city water supply
Carriers are about all the time and are unknown to anyone.
There is always a chance that excreta from them will contaminate the drinking water. Those who recover from the disease
may be carriers for a period of one to five years. It is highly important that stools are not passed near the village well or any
place from where there may be seepage into the well.
    The mortality rate is 15%. In severe cases, cortisone is used but in mild cases bed rest with a nourishing diet is sufficient
Bed rest must be continued for three weeks or until the blood tests show it is safe for the patient to be up. The bilirubin that
causes the colour change in the skin should be down to 1mg per 100 c. c. of blood and the bromsulphalein dye retention
should be low enough to show 15% in 30 minutes. These tests must be done in a laboratory. In cases of doubt, keep the patient in bed, for the relapse rate is high if the patient is allowed to resume normal duties too soon.

Arthritis (Rheumatism)

    There are many difterent types of arthritis and many of them are from unknown causes. This is a disease in which there is a disturbance of the surfaces of the joint. The pain is in the joint but is felt around it and along the muscles attached to the joint. We will consider only three types.
Osteoarthritis:  Osteoarthritis is the common form that attacks a person over forty Years of age. Usually the trouble is
concentrated in the knees and other weight-bearing joints. The smaller joints, as found in the fingers and toes, may also be
affected. In the weight-bearing joints there is a narrowing of the joint space due to the wearing away of the joint cushion. This
is especially noted in those who are overweight. Actually the cushion can be entirely worn away. In this case one bone rests on the other and wears grooves on the opposing surfaces. There is also an overgrowth of the bones at the edge of the joint, as can be seen so often on the fingers of those who are suffering from this ailment for a long period of time.
    This type of arthritis, while uncomfortable, does not lead to permanent disability through complete stiffening of the joints.
   Treatment plan: If overweight,reduce. To relieve severe pain, moist heat is indicated. Also sodium salicylate in the form of enteric-coated tablets may be taken, two four times a day. Avoid sweets and eat largely of fruits, vegetables and grains.

    Rheumatoid Arthritis: This type of arthritis is not common, but is the one that deforms its victim to a greater or
lesser extent. In this disease the fingers often the first involved, becoming disfigured with a fusiform appearance. That is, they are thicker in the mid-portion than at the ends. As the disease progresses it deforms the fingers and other joints and even gets into the back, causing it to be stiff and deformed. Many patients have been rendered bed-ridden.
    The cause of the disease is unknown, but it runs a course and"burns out.'Cortisone, if taken judiciously, will prevent the
deformities to a great extent. It will not, however, restore joints already deformed. Your doctor will have to supervise you on this.

Rheumatic Fever:  This type, while involving the joints as a first manifestation, actually leaves them in good condition.
But it always leaves the heart permanently damaged. For this reason a discussion will be included on heart diseases.

READ ALSO: CANCER OF THE STOMACH.

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