Cancer and Cancer of the Stomach

Cancer Of The Stomach


Cancer 


     CANCER IS NOT CONFINED TO ANY particular race of people, for all races are known to be affected. Even animals, birds, fish, and plants have similar growths. Cancer is more common among advanced races, in part at least, because the average life span among them is longer and cancer is predominantly a disease of old age. Cancer is more prevalent among women because of the frequency with which the breasts and uterus are affected. Every person should know something about cancer and should undergo the necessary 
examinations to make sure he does not have cancer in one form or another. It is not intended to imply that every individual will have cancer, but cancer is a possibility that everyone must face. 
It is necessary to be aware of the danger and to face it intelligently and courageously. It is important to know that even the most skilled surgeons cannot help a person get well if the cancer has progressed too far before it is discovered.
    A localized growth of cells produces a local swelling generally called a tumour . Not all tumour,However, Are cancerous : some are 
harmless growths which do not spread or 
tend to kill. Such growths are said to be benign.while cancers are said to be malignant. A benign tumour grows expensively : that is, It grows like an apple or mango on a tree. It begins small and grows large. A cancer, on the other hand, grows in invasively; that is, it sends out fine arms that break off and go to distant parts of the body and start up new growths. When operating On a benign tumour,a surgeon can remove it as you would remove a nut from within a shell. When operating on a cancer,however, the surgeon does not know how far the fine arms have gone, for they cannot be seen.This is why cancers (tumours) should be removed (operated) early before they begin spreading their, arms.
    Although our knowledge of the laws which govern and control cell growth is notably deficient, much has been learned concerning the cause and control of cancer.
    Many agents are found to be cancer-producing, such as certain chemicals derived from coal-tar. In addition to chemicals it is now known that extensive exposure to X rays, gamma rays, and ultra-violet rays will also produce cancer in certain susceptible animals or individuals. Any irritant may in time produce cancer. A decayed tooth, for example, may produce cancer of the tongue if it has a sharp or rough edge.
     It is not known why cancer acts as it does.Normal cells and cancer cells both possess the properties of unlimited growth if allowed to live and grow in culture mediums outside the body,
If these cells are transplanted back into the body from which they came, normal cells immediately become obedient to the laws of the body ; but cancer cells continue to be outlaws.
     It is not yet known precisely what produces cancer. It is believed by many, however, that cancer is a diseased condition produced by a virus. But it is also altogether probable that cancer results from no single cause and the conditions that are responsible for it in one organ or tissue may have no relation to
the factors that are responsible for it in another. The factors which start a cancer may be removed but the cells keep on with their rapid disarranged growth even though the causal factor has
been eliminated. These are thought by many to be only inciting agents which if introduced into precisely the right circumstances or conditions can start disturbances within the cells and thereby alter their natural development and their relationship to
neighbouring cells and to the cell community. This disorganization is transmitted to succeeding generations of cells. Something has happened to the cell which influences its chemistry, its physiology and its hereditary qualities.
    The heredity of the individual may be a predisposing factor toward cancer. But cancer itself is not inherited. The possible relationship, however, behooves those with cancerous ancestry to be watchful and to protect the health at all points. Periodic examinations are most important especially after the age of forty.
      Most cancers are insidious in onset and are therefore overlooked until well established. This is what makes them so dangerous. If discovered at an early stage cancer is usually
curable. Pain is rarely an early symptom. There are, however, some symptoms which should receive prompt attention by a physician. Note especially the following :
      A lump in the breast. Women should feel their breasts occasionally and if a lump is found, report it to a doctor.
     A vaginal discharge, especially bleeding between periods or after the menopause.
     Any abnormal digestive symptoms which persist, especially associated with loss of weight or change in bowel habits.
     Any sore on the lips or tongue or skin that does not heal readily.
     Rectal pain, bleeding, or obstinate constipation.These may be only symptoms of hemorrhoids but they should be
investigated nevertheless.
     Any change in a mole or wart, or birth-mark.
     A persistent difficulty in swallowing.
     A persistent hoarseness or cough.
     Unusual or unexplained loss of weight or anemia.
      Presence of blood in the urine.
      From this list it will be evident  that cancer may prevent a variety of symptoms,many of which are commonplace and frequently associated with conditions other than cancer. But let it be emphasized that to avoid cancer you should safeguard your health at every point.However,do not become morbid always dwelling upon every trivial symptom and imagining others. Intelligently investigate unusual symptoms and have a.
periodic examination even when you have no such symptoms.
        Avoid a feeling of helplessness and a feeling of fatalism because much cancer can be cured if it is discovered in time.
The thing to do is not to say, "If it comes, it comes,and nothing can be done about it.'"Instead, always be on the alert to discover anything abnormal in the body. If any physical defects
appear, whether it is cancer or anything else, attention should be given to it immediately and it should not be allowed to drift along untreated. Many doctors state that a careful yearly checkup (a thorough examination) will protect the individual against the development of cancer beyond the point of successful treatment. When having such yearly check-ups a woman should have her breasts examined and an "internal examination"for possible cancer of the uterus. After the age of forty this should be done every six months. A rectal examination should not be omitted. If there are digestive symptoms an X-ray of the stomach and of the intestines should be made. An X-ray
examination of the chest is important for everyone. These may cost a little extra, but what is a little money compared to one's health?
    In addition to the usual procedure it sometimes becomes necessary to remove a piece of tissue for examination under a microscope to make an exact diagnosis. This is harmless and generally a painless operation which always should be permitted when advised by the doctor.
    Cancer of the skin is one of the least dangerous forms of cancer because it is accessible to the surgeon's knife as well as to radium treatment. Also cancer of the skin usually grows more slowly than cancer elsewhere.
    The control of cancer is handicapped by the fact that it cannot be anticipated, detection in its early stages being difficult.
Methods of control at the present are directed to two main objectives. First, to remove chronic irritations and to prevent
contact with known cancer-inducing substances. Second, to detect the condition at the earliest possible moment when operative or other interference still offers prospects of complete
eradication. Education has probably effected some good towards the first objective, since industrial workers are now taught to avoid contact with tar or with other cancer-producing
substances. Dental hygiene is another result of education towards the same end.          
     The relation between cancer of the lung and tobacco has been well established by scientific research. The facts that have
been gathered are unimpeachable, and anyone who wishes to avoid one of the  common causes of cancer should refrain from using tobacco in any form.
     In spite of the attempts to educate the public to the dangers of cancer and the absolute necessity for early diagnosis, much
still remains to be done. Although women have been taught to look with suspicion upon any lump in the breast, they often ignore this and other signs and symptoms of internal cancer.
     A periodic physical examination together with routine nuoroscopy and X-ray study for those over forty years of age is a procedure which would possibly enable doctors to detect two-thirds of all cancers and malignant tumours in their early
stages. Much can be done to reduce mortality from cancer if individuals can be induced to undergo periodic health examinations.
      Early diagnosis will lead to early treatment. In cancer remember the earlier the better! Delay is fatal. At present there
are but three effective methods of treating cancer : surgery radium, and X-ray. There are now thousands of cases that have been cured by these methods.
      Cancer cases are considered cured if they show no recurrence within five years of the final treatment. Recurrences after five years are very rare. But, of course,"time is of the essence."
      Much valuable time is often lost by patients using home remedies or quack treatments instead of consulting a competent doctor.
      Unfortunately many lives are lost each year as the result of blind faith in quacks. The''unconditional guarantee of a cure" by the quack sounds so much
more assuring than the straight truth presented by the ethical physician that many are induced
to place their lives in the hands of the former. The statement.
'There is a way that seemeth right unto a man,but the end thereof are the ways of death," applies literally to attempted treatment of cancer by quacks.Better go to reputable physician
or hospital and leave the nefarious methods of the quack alone if you have any reason to suspect cancer.
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Cancer of the Stomach


     Because symptoms are so variable it is difficult to diagnose from them whether a patient has cancer or an ulcer. If one is over 40 and begins to have symptoms of stomach trouble or has a change of symptoms, he should have a thorough check-up, including an X-ray examination. Loss of appetite and vague abdominal distress, especially in the upper abdomen, call for close observation. Sometimes there is a sense of fullness or
occasional burning. There may be no other sign until one vomits
blood. Usually there is a loss of weight, but this is not noted early. It is a late symptom.
     It should be emphasized that unless an investigation is made early it may be too late. Do not take the attitude that it is cowardly to undergo an examination or that"you can't get a good man down."Go at once for a close check-up.
     
  READ ALSO: MISCELLANEOUS AILMENTS

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