COMMON DRUGS USED IN ORAL MEDICINE

Common drugs Used In Dental

COMMON DRUGS USED IN ORAL MEDICINE
                                

 Drugs are taken to treat diseases, infections
reduce symptoms of an illness or medical
condition. Some of these drugs include :


1. ANALGESIC DRUGS : These are pains
reviewing drugs. For example :
(A.) aspirin which as an analgesic properties.

Side effects 
- Pelptic ulcer
- It can also cause oral ulcer.
- It can also increases the clotting time because it inhibits platelet aggregate.

(B). Paracetamol :it has both antipyretic and analgesic property.

Side effects
- it cancause liver damaged

(C). Dolobid diflunicid: for example cataflam.

Side effects 
- Also increases clothing time.
- And also causes GIT bleeding.
- It causes oral ulcers.

(D). Narcotic analgesics: for example; Codeine.

Side effects
- It causes constipation.

(E). Pyraxolone derivatives : for example; phenyl butazone , dipyrone ( Novalgin)

Side effects
- It can cause drug induces leucopenia
- It can cause oral ulceration.


2. ANTIBIOTIC DRUGS : These are used
treatment of  inflammation. Bacterial infection or diseases. For example : Broad spectrum antibiotics; tetracycline, ampiclox, chloraphenicol.

Side effects
Tetracycline - Staining of teeth and bone.
Chloraphenicol - suppresses bone marrow function.  Thus, lead to Anaplastic Anaemia.

3. ANTIFUNGAL DRUGS : These are used
for treatment of fungal infections. For example : Nystatin, Amphotericine B, Miconazole.

4. SUPPLEMENTARY DRUGS : These are used to supplement the analgesic, antibiotic
or antifungal drugs. Example is the vitaminC (Ascorbic acid) .

5. LOCAL ANAESTHESIA: For example topical L.A e.g. Ethyl chloride, Injectible L.A : Xylocaine.

Side effects 
- It causes allergy .
- Anaphylactic reactions which can result in loss of consciousness.

6. ANXIOLYTIC DRUGS: For example : Tranquilizers- Tricyclic Antidepressants

Side effects 
- can cause XEROSTOMIA ( dry mouth ) .
- can also react with Narcotic analgesics to increase the blood pressure.

7. SEDATIVES: For example:

Barbiturates
- causes respiratory depression.
- cause Steve Johnson syndrome - severe oral ulceration.

Phenothiazine.
- Also causes dry mouth,  postural hypotension,  oral pigmentation,  uncontrollable facial movement.

8. ANTICONVULSANTS: For example :  Carbamizepine -tegretol

Side effects 
- It causes leucopenia.
- Steve Johnson syndrome
 
9. ANTIHISTAMINE; For example: Phenegar.

Side effects 
- Dry mouth

10.   STEROIDS.

Side effects
- Delayed wound healing
- immunity suppression
- bloating up fake healthy look.

11. HAEMATINES: For example: BLOOD TONIC.
Side effects
- It can stain the oral mucosa.

12. ANTIVIRALS: For example : Acyclovir,  idoxyuridine, xidovodine.


    READ ALSO: DRYNESS OF THE MOUTH(XEROSTOMIA)

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