DENTAL INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USES

A standard dental chair used in dental clinics or hospitals

  DENTAL INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USES

  1. Dental mirror : It's used for visualization of the oral cavity or for viewing the patient mouth.
  2. Dental probe: It's used to detect the depth of caries or the depth of caries.
  3. College tweezer: It's used for picking cotton wool or gauze into the patient mouth.
  4. Dental tray: It's used for picking dental materials or instruments.
  5. Coupland elevator: It's used for the expansion of the socket or dilating the socket.
  6. Scalpel holder: For holding scapel blade during surgical procedure.
  7. Periosteal elevator: For raising flap from the floor of the mucosa membrane.
  8. Bone file: It's used for file-in bone.
  9. Push scaler: It's used for removing debris or calculus from the patient mouth/teeth.
  10. Spoon excavator: It's used for removing debris or plaque from the patient mouth/teeth.
  11. Mixing spatula: It's used for mixing dental materials(E.G .alginate).
  12. Amalgam carrier: It's used for taking/putting amalgam into the prepared cavity.
  13. Plaster knife: It's used for plaster work.
  14. Wax knife: It's used for wax work.
  15. Model: It's used for demonstration,positive liveness of the patient's mouth.
  16. Dental syringe: It's used for introducing local anaesthesia into the patient mouth.
  17. Fish tail elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  18. Cryer elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  19. Winter elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  20. Hospital.pattern elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  21. War wick's james elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  22. Suturing materials: It's used for suturing the injury path.
  23. Suturing tips: It's used for extracting excess blood or saliva from the mouth.
  24. Dental needle: It's used to introduce local anaesthesia into the patient mouth(it's has too types long and short).
  25. Disposable needle and syringe: It's used for flushing the prepared cavity/Also for irrigation process.
  26. Lower impression tray: It's used for taking lower impression of the teeth/ mouth.
  27. Upper impression tray: It's used for taking upper impression of the teeth/month.
  28. Priodontal probe: It's used for measuring the depth of periodontal socket or depth of caries.
  29. Wooden spatula: It's can also be used for cheek retractor / it's also serve as examination set or it's used for mixing dental materials.
  30. Upper right molar forceps: It's used for the extraction of upper right molar tooth.
  31. Upper left molar forceps: It's used for the extraction of upper left molar tooth.
  32. Universal molar forceps(upper): It's used for the extraction of both upper left and upper right molar tooth.
  33. Universal molar forceps(lower): It's used for the extraction of both lower right and lower left molar tooth.
  34. Straight forceps or upper anterior forceps: It's used for extraction of upper anterior tooth.
  35. Lower anterior forceps: It's used for extraction of lower anterior tooth.
  36. Lower molar forceps: It's used for the extraction of lower molar tooth.
  37. Lower premolar forceps: It's used for the extraction of lower premolar tooth.
  38. Upper premolar forceps: It's used for the extraction of upper premolar tooth.
  39. Sickle scaler: It's used for removing calculus from the tips of the cervical region.
  40. Ball burnisher: It's used for smoothing the canal or during filling of tooth.
  41. File: It's used for enlarging the canal.
  42. Egg burnisher: It's used for smoothing during filling.
  43. Reamers: It's used for enlarging the canal.
  44. Bar brosh : It's used for removing dead pulp(necrotic pulp)
  45. Dental chair: It's used for sitting the patient during any dental procedure/surgery.
  46. Shade guide: It's used in choosing shade I.e colour of the teeth.
  47. Amalgam edge: It's used for preventing over hanging amalgam.
  48. Scalpel: It's used for cutting during surgical procedures.
  49. Stock teeth: It's used for replacing mixing teeth.
  50. Cheatle forcep: It's used for picking instruments.
  51. Condenser: It's used for condensing restorative materials into the cavity.
  52. Bayonet: It's used for extracting upper retained root.
  53. Root forceps: It's used for extracting retained root(lower teeth).
  54. Mallet : It's used for extracting retained root.
  55. Cheasel: It's used for extracting retained root.
  56. Mortal and pestle: It's used for mixing amalgam.
  57. Amalgamator(electronics one): It's used for mixing amalgam.
  58. Saliva ejector: It's used for removing excessive saliva from the floor of the mouth.
  59. Mouth prop: It's used for opening mouth during surgical operations.
  60. Probe briault: It's used to detect inter proximal decay.
  61. Probe moon: It's used to detect loose bones and root in the socket.
  62. Probe measures: It's used to detect the depth of pocket around the periodontal.
  63. Mouth gag: It's used to open mouth during dental procedures.
  64. Tissue forceps: It's used for holding tissue by the dental nurse during surgical procedure.
  65. Bristle brush: It's used for brushing during scaling and polishing.
  66. Mixing slab: It's used for mixing dental materials.
  67. Film hanger: It's used for hanging x-ray film.
  68. Mixing bowl: It's used for mixing dental materials(e.g Alginate,dental stone).
  69. Dental flask : It's used for flasking denture.
  70. Lead coat: It's used for protection during x-ray procedure.
  71. Lecrol carver: It's used for carving or removing pimple from the surface of the model.
  72. Carver: It's used for removing excess dental materials from the patient mouth.
  73. Wire cutter: It's used for cutting dental ash wire.
  74. Dental scissors: It's used for cutting stainless steel wire during  dental procedure.
  75. Matrix band: It's serve as mixing wall and it allows amalgam to be packed into the cavity.
  76. Matrix retainer: It's help in retaining matrix band.
  77. janquet: It's used for removing sub-gingival calculus.
  78. Hand piece and bur: It's used to gain access into the cavity.
  79. Measurement paper point: It's used for drying the canal.
  80. Short dental needle: It's used for infiltrating.
  81. Long dental needle: It's used for blocking.
  82. Stainless steel wire: It's used for inter-maxillary fixation.
  83. Gutta percha: It's used for obturating( when replacing the pulp).
  84. X-ray view: It's used to view x-ray during dental procedure.
  85. Ultrasonic scaler: It's used for scaling and polishing.
  86. Glass slab: It's used for mixing lining materials.
  87. Electronics utrasonic machine: It's used for scaling and polishing.
  88. Autoclave: It's used to sterilize dental instrument after used.
  89. Surgical blade: For cutting during surgical procedure.
  90. Phomopressor: It's used in lining the canal during pulpotomy.
  91. Elastic module: It's used to hold down the ash wire into the bracket.
  92. Artery forceps: It's used to sit elastic module.
  93. Bite registration wax: To check accuracy of the teeth(yhe bite and the occlusion).
  94. Ruler guage: It's used for measuring.
  95. Adam's plier: It's used to band wire together inside the patient mouth.
  96. Elastic seprator: It's used to seperate a contact point(it comes in various colours).
  97. Paper point:this is for drying the canal/for obturating the pulp to replace.
  98. Ligation turber: to thick in the wire.
  99. Ash contouring wire: To give you the shape of the ash bar.
  100. Bird beak wire: To form coil and band a wire.
Base on analysis and research,some of this instruments above are their manufacturers name and they are available online.No any modifications whatsoever . I just state there uses.

Read also: Best way to utilize Orthodontics Appliances. 

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