What You Can Do: Observing Good Oral Hygiene

       
Oral Hygiene instruction

  What You Can Do : Observing Good Oral Hygiene 

FLUORIDATION : 

    Among  general rules to follow between dental checkups are using fluorides,maintaining a proper diet, and removing
debris from the teeth by brushing and by the use of dental floss. Fluorides are particularly important for strengthening the enamel of teeth  in persons under the age of 15. Many communities add fluorides to the water supply, but if the substance is not available in the drinkingwater,the dentist can advise the patient about other ways of adding Fluoride to water or other fluids consumed
each day. Studies show that children who drink fluoridated water from birth have up to 65 percent fewer cavities than those who do not drink fluoridated water. However, using excessive amounts of fluoride in the drinking water can result in mottled enamel.

DIET ; 

    Although a good diet for total health should provide all of the
elements needed for dental health, several precautions on sugars and starches should be added. Hard Or sticky sweets should be avoided. Such highly refined sweets as soft drinks, candies, cakes, cookies, pies, syrups, jams, jellies, and pastries should be limited, especiaily between meals. One's intake of starchy foods, such as bread, potatoes, and pastas, should also be controlled.
Natural sugars contained in fresh fruits can provide sweet flavors with less risk of contributing to decay if the teeth are brushed regularly after eating such foods. Regular chewing gum may help remove food particles after eating, but it deposits sugar ; if you chew gum, use sugarless gum.
    Since decay is promoted each time sugars and other refined
carbohydrates are eaten between meals snacks of sweets should be curtailed in order to lessen the chances of new or additional caries. Snack foods can be raw vegetables, such as carrots or celery, apples, cheese, peanuts, or other items that are not likely to introduce refined carbohydrates into the mouth between meals.

BRUSHING : Brushing the teeth is an essential of personal oral hygiene. Such brushing rids the mouth of most of the food debris that encourages bacterial growth, which is most intense twenty minutes after eating. Therefore, the teeth should be cleaned as soon as possible after a meal. There is no one kind of toothbrush
that is best for every person. Most dentists, however, recommend a soft toothbrush with a straight handle and flat brushing surface that can clean the gums without irritating them. As for claims about whether toothbrushes should have bristles with square corners or rounded shapes, a dentist may point out that there are both curved and straight surfaces in the mouth so what one design offers in advantages may be offset by equivalent disadvantages.
There also are special brushes for reaching surfaces of crooked teeth or cleaning missing tooth areas of the mouth.

 

     Although several difterent methods may be used efFectively, the
following is the technique most often recommended. Brush the
biting surfaces, or tops, of the back upper and lower teeth. The lines and grooves on these surfaces make them prone to decay. They should be brushed first, before moisture has
softened the brush. The cheek and tongue surfaces of the lower teeth are brushed next. Hold the brush parallel to the teeth with the bristle edges angled against and touching the gums. Using short strokes, move the brush back and forth several times before proceeding to the next one or two teeth. Use the same technique on all the inner surfaces of your teeth as well. For the hard
to brush inner surfaces of the front teeth, hold the handle of the brush out in front of the mouth and apply the tip in an up and down motion. For all brushing, a scrubbing motion but without too much pressure should be used.
    Some people prefer electric toothbrushes, which require less effort to use  than ordinary toothbrushes. These are available with two basic motions up and down and back and forth. Your dentist may advise which kind best serves an individual needs and proper use of equipment.
Some dentists point out that back and forth brushing applied with too much pressure can have an abrasive effect on tooth enamel because it works against the grain of the mineral deposits. The American Dental Association also evaluates electric toothbrushes and issues reports on the safety and effectiveness of various type.
REMOVING DEBRIS WITH DENTAL
FLOSS :
   Brushing often does not clean debris from between the teeth. But
plaque and food particles that stick between the teeth usually can be removed with dental floss. A generous length of floss, about 18 inches, is needed to do an effective job. The ends can be wrapped several times around the first joint of the middle

REMOVING DEBRIS WITH DENTAL FLOSS

finger of each hand. Using the thumbs or index fingers, the floss is
inserted between the teeth with a gentle,sawing, back and forth
motion. Then it is slid gently around part of a tooth in the space at the gum line and gently pulled out ; snapping the floss in and out may irritate the gums. After brushing and flossing, the mouth should be rinsed with water. A mouthwash is unnecessary,
but it may be used for the good taste it leaves in the mouth.

  The dentist may recommend the use of an oral irrigating device as part of dental home care. These units produce a pulsating stream of water that flushes food debris from between teeth. They are particularly useful for patients wearing orthodontic braces or for those who have had recession of the gums, creating larger spaces between the teeth.

   The person who wants to see the areas of plaque on his teeth can chew a disclosing tablet, available at most pharmacies, which leaves a harmless temporary stain on plaque surfaces. Some dentists recommend the use of disclosing tablets about once a week
so that patients can check on the effectiveness of their tooth cleaning techniques.

  Read also: Tooth Extraction.

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DENTAL CARE 8240666351069815787

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