Dryness of the mouth ,symptoms ,diagnosis and treatment

     Dryness of'the mouth is also called xerostomia. It is a condition when there is little or absence of saliva in the mouth. We all need saliva to moisten and cleanse our mouths and to wash away worn-out dead cells, food debris or particles, etc that are present on the gum, tongue, teeth and cheeks.
According to research, saliva also prevents infection by controlling bacteria and fungi in the mouth. Last, but not the least, the saliva helps digest food, and makes it possible for you to taste, chew and shallow your food. Dry mouth is not only uncomfortable, but also unhealthy.

                 CAUSES OF DRY MOUTH 

      There are several causes of dry mouth
(xerostomia). It is medical a common side effect of certain treatments prescription drugs, including drugs used to prescription and non anxiety, depression, pain, allergies and colds,(cetain bronchodilators),diarrhoea, nausea, obesity : acne, epilepsy, hypertension (diuretics), psychotic disorders, urinary incontinenance and parkinsons disease .
       Dry mouth is also a side effect of muscle
relaxants and sedatives, side effect of
diseases and infections SUCH as HIV/AIDS.
diabetes., anaemia, mumps,rheumatoid arthritis,
hypertension and stroke.
      Damage to the salivary glands that Produce
saliva, for example, nerve damage to the head and
neck area from an injury or surgery can reduce the
amount of saliva produced in the mouth.
       Other conditions that lead to dehydration such as
fever. Excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhoea,
blood loss, and burns can cause dryness of the
      In addition, people. Iifestyle such as smoking
or chewing tobacco can affect saliva production and  aggravate dry mouth. Continously breathing with
the mouth open can also contribute to the problem.

                SYMPTOMS OF DRY MOUTH 

1.   A sticky and dry feeling in the mouth .
2.   Frequent thirst .
3.   Sores in the mouth and or Cracked lips .
4.   Sores or split skin at the corners of the mouth .
5.    A dry feeling in the throat .
6.    A constant sore in the throat .
7.   A burning sensation in the mouth .
       especially on the tongue .
8. Bad breath (mouth odour) .
9.  Dry nasal passages .
10.  A dry red and raw tongue .
11.  Problem of speaking  .
12.   Problem of tasting, chewing and swallowing .

     Treatment recommendations

1. Good oral hygiene
2. Taking balance diet
3. Aviod over the counter drugs
4. Visit your dentist twice a year for check up
5. Have plenty of rest
6. Take plenty of water and fresh juice.
7.   Breathing through your nose regularly,
       not your mouth.
8.   Using a room vapourizer to and moisture to the bedroom.
  9.    Brushing with a fluoride toothpaste to protect your teeth .

             Read ALSO:Post operative instruction to the patient




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