3/21/17

First aid: kit Accident And Emergency

 
First aid box

Accidents and injuries are major occurrence around the world.In every large country and even in the family and some area, a day will not pass by without injuries ,without them getting hunt. According to research thousands of people around the world get injuries /or accidents.Majority of the family get hunt either by cut,or bruised, or getting something in the eye,having having toothache and even car accident.Many have a deep cut that bleed seriously.
    My question is when such accident occur what do you do?. All what most people do is to stay and watch or some people wait until medical personnel arrive ,when their is a chance that you could actually safe that person.You should be able to help a soul. Everybody should be able to know what to do in case of emergency,by doing this you have actually been able to safe life.
  

Some of the First aid kit that can actually used to safe life:

Some of this kit are needed to safe life at home, you can actually buy this at home for emergency purposes they are listed as follows;
  1. Scissors: This is very important as it his used to cut.
  2. Sterile Bandage: You all no the purpose of bandage.
  3. Splinter forceps: 3 inches size.
  4. Sterile gauze: 3x3 inches.
  5. Burn ointment: preferably 5 percent tannic acid.
  6. Inelastic tourniquet.
  7. Iodine solution.
  8. Wire or thin board splints.
  9. Sterile caster oil.
  10. Sterile plaster.
  11. Boric acid solution.
  12. Baking soda.
  13. 13. Ointment; like Bacitracin. E.t.c
The fact is your present and participation in helping aaccidents and injuries people without having those kit mention above ,can actually safe life.Don't just look or stand do something.

  We have various accidents and injuries which are:

  1. Bruises:When a person falls and strikes some part of the body,the skin is not usually broken, but the flesh under the skin is injured and some of the small blood vessels are broken.
  2. Abrasions and cuts.
  3. Severe wounds and bleeding.
  4. Sprains.
  5. Burns.
  6. Fracture.
  7. Electric shock.
  8. Dislocation .
  9. Scalds.
  10. Snake bite.
  11. Scorpion stings and many others.
But today am going to talk about one major accident which is :

Broken bones

   In every case there is always a report accident on broken bones(fracture) in this case a physician should be called.However, for those who can not secure a physician,a major first aid instruction should be done before the physician arrives.
    At first make sure the patient mind is at rest and calm him/her down and remain quiet.When a bone is broken it actually looks like a jagged ends with sharp splinters like a two ends of a broken piece of wood.And if there is any movement of the limb it can cause the flesh to splinter and tear which cause severe pain and bleeding.That is while you need to calm the patient down.
 Before you attempt to move anyone with a broken bone, apply an add splint of some kind to prevent movement of the broken ends of the bone.It should be painted with an antiseptic if you don't have a clean  covered bandage.
Wrap the broken part very well so that the bones will be held as still as possible but be careful that the circulation is not cut off .It is best not to straighten a broken knee or elbow joint ,leave them in a position you find them.
   For those who know how to apply splint you can do so by gently straighten the broken arm or leg just enough to permit the application of the splint.All this must be done gently to aviod too much pain.After doing this the next thing is to surround the broken limb with a thick layer of cotton,or used a few clothing as a pad before the physician arrived or move to the hospital.
   However, it requires up to six to twelve weeks or longer for a broken bone to get well, and therefore it is necessary to stay calm and avoid accident.
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