Types of orthodontics appliances and their uses.

 Orthodontics Appliances

In summary what does it means by orthodontics?

   This is one of the department in dentistry involving the treatment and irregularities of teeth.Orthodontics involves in serial extraction(which is the removal of teeth because of the correction to be done not because of pain.The dentist specifically trained for this purpose are called orthodontics.Orthodontics also have specialized training in facial abnormalities and disorders of the jaw.

Introducing Orthodontics Appliances

    Once a plan of orthodontic treatment has been determined by the
dentist, he may choose from a dozen or more types of bands, braces,
or other orthodontic appliances,some removable and some non removable,for shaping the teeth and jaws of the patient. A typical orthodontic appliance may include small curved
Strips  of metal cemented to the surfaces of the teeth as anchors
for arch wires which pass around the dental arch. Springs and specially designed rubber bands, called elastics, are sometimes used to bring about alignment ofthe two jaws, or to align teeth within a dental arch.
     In addition to the appliances that are attached to and between the upper and lower dental arches, the dentist may prescribe the use of an elastic tape device with a strap that fits around the back of the patient's neck and is attached also to the arch wire inside the mouth, thus providing a force from outside the mouth to bring teeth into alignment.
    Orthodontic appliances are also custom designed and built for the individual patient and maybe requested by the patient.This requires several rather long sessions or one all day session in the dental chair while the appliance is being organized and properly anchored.
Thereafter, the patient must return at regular intervals spaced a few weeks to a month (the month is depending on the dentist)apart so that the dentist can make adjustments in the appliance, and also it determine if any of  the bands have been pulled away from tooth
surfaces or get broken,and also  prevent plaque from building up in places that the braces may make impervious to brushing.
     However, the patient must folllow a diet that prohibits sticky food
or items that may damage,the appliance or any of its parts and also aviod vigorous exercise, Also don't take too much.A  program on oral hygiene instruction is giving to the patient.Including regular cleaning by the dentist or hygienist, also is important because, as indicated above, it is more difficult to do a thorough job of
cleaning the teeth when orthodontic appliances are in the mouth.

Also there is Orthodontics for Adults 

    Although orthodontic treatment are design specifically for  children. The technique has been requested in recent time with an increased frequency for the correction of a variety of facial and dental disorders. Receding chins, buck teeth, sunken cheeks,
sunken mouths, and other abnormalities have been treated
successfully in adult lts beyond the age of 40.according to research.
Orthodontists have observed that adult patients usually are more
patient and cooperative during the long periods of treatment than children.
    Although the upper age limit for orthodontic treatment has not been precisely mention,but according to dental research belief that it is possible to treat adult patients with protrudes of the upper jaw and related to disfigurements until the age of 65.It is possible because the upper jaw might not completely unite with the frontal bone of the skull,according to research,until after the age of 70 in most people.
   Orthodontics treatment is costly and involve many visits to the dentist's over a long period.Any parent of a prospective patient seeking orthodontics work should exercise patient and have a discussion with your dentist regarding the time and money to be used to correct the procedure before the work begin.In some cases some arrangement are made to cover the costs of the dental work that is vital to the health and welfare of the patient. 

What are the aim of orthodontics?

  1. Improvement of dental and facial aesthetics.
  2. Alignment of prominent teeth,which are liable to be damaged.
  3. Production of improved occlusal function.
  4. Alignment of teeth to eliminate space area.
  5. To assist the eruption and alignment of displaced teeth.
  6. Alignment and planned position of teeth in the jaw prior to orthogenic surgery.

What are the treatment options in orthodontics?

  1. No treatment:It only involve the acceptance of mild irregularities.
  2. Extraction only.
  3. Removable appliance treatment e.g. singld tipping movement.
  4. Fixed appliance(also called braces)
  5. Functional appliance.
  6. Orthogenic surgery(jaw surgery): It's performed by maxillofacial surgeon.

What are the timming?

It depend on the extent of the malocclusion.
  1. Deciduous dentition stage.
  2. Early mixed dentition stage
  3. Late mixed dentition and early permanent dentition stage.
  4. Late permanent dentition stage.
Read also:100 Best Used Dental Instruments.



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