Tuberculosis Is A Disease That Affect Mainly The Lung Of Chidren And Adult
Tuberculosis as the name implies is characterized by forming small nodes in the lungs.It affect the lungs mainly and some other part that is affected. It is common in some part of the country because of the season.
However, they are often large to be seen with the naked eye , and are often whitish in color. It his often caused by germ or bacillus, and it his an organism that is able to grow in almost any part of the body. It is commonly carried through the air , and the most common site of infection site is the lung. From the lungs it can spread through the blood or the lymph , and to any or all parts of the entire body system .
In children the infection is usually seen at the lower outer portion of the lung. And in adults it is often seen at the upper portion of the lungs and it is found more often on the right side. Lymph nodes of the portion between the lungs are often enlarged in children but not so often in adults.
The sign and symptoms of tuberculosisIt is not often noticed until several weeks. The onset of the disease is a gradual process. And in some cases individual that have the disease may not noticed until when it becomes worst or advanced. First thing that is often noticed is weakness or tiredness. At the Early stage it may be loss of weight and a slight fever too.
A cough develops and continues longer than an ordinary cough . If the patient visit the doctor a x-ray must be taken to ensure and site is spotted in the lungs. An examination of the sputum is conducted to confirm the diagnosis of tuberculosis.
In recent time, public health sector confirm the authority to conduct a campaignsin which x-rays are taken on a small inexpensive film. And it has been confirmed to be effective, from these x-rays, early cases maybe detected and help to start the treatment early before it becomes worst or advanced. Everyone should have such a picture taken if and when there is opportunity through the act of primary health sector and medical or federal government clinics.
If it his treated earlier there is a good chance that there we be a good improvement and recovery of the treatment used to treat the disease , but if it is not treated earlier the healing process may be delayed or slow response in treatment. If left untreated the cough become worse and worse. Often the disease we be on and off . For example anot individual having the disease for two months untreated, the disease may relieve the patient for a week and start again for another 3 months or worse. Complication of the disease may be very fatal or life treating.
How does tuberculosis manipulate the lungs?The bacteria usually grow in many size and number until they fuse together, making it one mass infection. The small part of the bacteria is not supplied with blood, and eventually degenerates to the place where it becomes liquid . This also spread into the brouchus and eventually degenerate to a place where it becomes liquid. This goes into the brochure of the lungs and coughed out.
As this disease continue for a long period of time a cavity ( hole) in the center of the mass. The effect is that it destroy the portion of the lung in that area. There may be several hole in the lung, and when the sputum is cough out, the opposite lung can easily become involved. If this goes on , so much of the lung maybe destroyed, and could lead to live treaten or such person may not survive it.
However, the destruction of the lung tissue is so close to the outer portion of the lung that get destroy the pleura. Sometimes in a case, when the cough continues, there is a passage way in which air enter into the pleuralungs cavity. This could lead to lung collapse.
The patient suffering from the disease may experience pain and breathing less , and further complication may occur. Having pus in the pleural cavity. If the opening through which the infection entered the cavity is not closed, the pus may spread to the other side too,leading to a serious,if not fatal, pneumonia.
However, the tuberculosis may break through a blood vessel,causing hemorrhage. This can be slightly serious. Usually it may get stop if the patient lie quietly and get plenty of rest. If it enter into the vein, the infected part may go into the blood stream and carry the infection to other parts of the body. No organ is immune to this massive infection. In this case there is high temperature and the patient condition become very critical.
How does tuberculosis enter into our own body
1. It is often by being breathed into the lungs with the air we inhale.
2. It is often contracted by taken into the body with the food we eat.
3. Many domestic animal have tuberculosis. By taking them row we can easily contracted the disease.
4. If those with the tuberculosis handle food in the market or in the kitchen, tuberculosis germs from the nose may enter into the food and through the hands that get the food.
5. Also by getting into the body through an injured place in the skin.
What must be done to ensure this diseases are prevented.This start from individual suffering from the disease. A patient suffering from tuberculosis disease should be aware that he may transmit the disease by coughing and spitting.
However, if the patient coughs or sneezes, little droplet from the nose and throat are thrown out of the mouth and nose. There are many tuberculosis germs from the droplet. Thus,as this tuberculosis germs in this droplet are mixed with the air and are breathed into the lungs healthy people could lead to them contracting the disease .
The sputum of those who have this disease contain a lot of tuberculosis bacteria. It should never be expectorated in any place where it will have a chance to dry and become dust, because the major way to spread the disease is through sputum.
Bonus: First aid kit for tuberculosis
- Hand sanitizer.
- Clean handkerchief.
- Hand fan ( Always stay in a well ventilated area).
- Sterile gauze.
- Methylated spirit.
You can easily use one of those kit when it's needed , for example you have an injury on your leg along the road , you can easily apply your Bandage; sterile gauze; spirit or your handkerchief, to prevent your self from the disease immediately. Instead of neglecting them which could make you infected or vulnerable to the disease .
Those who have the disease should never cough or sneezes without a cloth or handkerchief before the mouth and nose. The handkerchief should be kept only for this purpose and not to use elsewhere.
A patient suffering from tuberculosis should never swallow his or her sputum, because it may go to the intestine.
A patient suffering from tuberculosis disease should not handle the food that must be eat in public.
Read also: 6 paths that actually allow disease to enter into our own body
Home Treatment points for tuberculosis
Diet: Of course this is one of the most important part. Normally there may be reduced in appetite. And to get much appetite as possible use vitamin B complex daily as this helps to build your appetite.
All tuberculosis patient should always take vegetables, milk,egg,meat,wheat and cereal or any other nutritional food.
However, if the patient does not have the capacity for a normal meal, frequent feeding in smaller amounts or nourishing milk drinks between meals will be helpful to the patient a lot.
- Of course, keep the body clean at all time.
- The cloth should be kept clean.
- Brush two times daily, morning and evening.
- Great effort must be made not to stress yourself too much because it could lead to fever or fatigue.
- In order that others should not contract the disease, the patient may have his own kitchen utensils ,for example, spoon ,dishes and is own materials like, towels and bedding .
- Keep flies out of the patient room.
- Flies must not touch the sputum of the patient.
- Major important aspect for quick response or recovery of the patient is encouragement and cheerful.
- Must never loose hope or give up .
- Several water should be taken everyday in order to assist in washing out poisoning waste matters from the body.
- If there is much fever ,the method of using sponged with a small amount of cold water should be use every hour or more.
- If there is spitting of blood the patient should keep quiet and calm, it could be caused by doing vigorous exercise.
- If there is too much of blood cloth wet with ice water should be places at the chest.
- The patient must stay in a well ventilated area.
- The patient should ensure he or she go to tuberculosis hospital or a federal government hospital that have specified for the treatment of the disease properly.
After one has tuberculosis and has apperently recovered, he or she should be aware that there may be recurrence of the disease, and all method must be made to guard your health and to avoid all those things mentioned earlier which could lead to contracting the disease.
In recent time, a lot of treatment are available to treat tuberculosis case, feel free to contact your doctor for treatment recommendation, there's no harm in trying. And if there is a tuberculosis patient in your area encourage them, show them some love and even show them the treatment recommendation or take them to the hospital.
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