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Pneumonia: what causes it?



Pneumonia  is a disease of the lungs, caused by pneumococcus, streptococcus, 
staphylococcs and a number of other bacteria. The so called lobar pneumonia is caused by pneumococcus and is the most 
severe and dramatic, starting suddenly and ending inacrisis. it is a very prostrating disease, and in the past has taken a heavy 
toll of human lives. 

Symptoms of Pneumonia Treatment

-  The infection begins with a severe chill. 



- The temperature 

rises quickly and there is pain in the chest. 



- There is a short, dry, 

painful cough, and the rate of breathing is greatly increased. 


- The patient lies on the right or left side and not on the back. 


- The face becomes flushed, especially one or both cheeks fever 
blisters appear on the lips. - The sputum expectorated is tinged 


with blood. 

- After the fever has continued high for several days, 
there is an abrupt drop, usually accompanied by abundant 

sweating.

- Following this the patient feels more comfortable,
and, unless some accident occurs, will continue to improve and 

will recover in two or three weeks.

    Some die before this drop in 

temperature. Formerly, three or four out of every ten who 
contracted pneumonia died of the disease.           Those who are given 

to use intoxicating liquor freely, experience more difficulty in 
recovering from an attack of pneumonia. 

Preventive Measures of Pneumonia  :


- The germs of pneumonia are distributed widely. We cannot escape them ; but if the body is kept strong and healthy the pneumonia germ cannot damage it. 
- The natural power of the body to resist disease germs is weakened by the use of any form of wine or tobacco, lack of proper food or too much food, living in dark, poorly ventilated houses, sleeping with doors and windows closed or the head covered, sitting humped over, and by catching cold. 
-    Pneumonia is spread through the discharges from the nose, through the sputum, and from coughing and sneezing. 
- Pneumonia may also be contracted by using a drinking cup that has been used by others, and by breathing dusty air on the streets, or the dusty air caused by sweeping the house. 


Treatment of Pneumonia  :

 The mortality from pneumonia 
has bem very greatly reduced since the introduction : of sulpha drugs and penicillin. Of the two the latter is the one of choice. 
Six hundred thousand units of penicillin per day will bring the infection under control in less than two days. If you are isolated 
and no doctor is available to administer the injection, you can sometimes get pmicillin pills. Give about 200, 000 units every six 
hours or two tablets of sulpha every four hours. After two days reduce to one tablet four times a day for four to six days. 
These drugs should preferably be given on order from a competent physician. 

  The fever drops within twenty four to forty eight hours. 
Ordinarily the medication should be continued for at least three days following the drop in temperatme. Very frequently the 
medication is stopped as so as the temperature falls, with the result that a few days later a relapse occurs which may be more serious than the first attack. 

  The patient should have plenty of fresh warm air, his feet should be kept warm and his bowels open by light cathartics or enemas. Lemonade, lime juice or plain water should be given freely to drink. The food should be liquid, such as rice gruel, 
soups, or eggs either soft-boiled or raw. 

The patient should expectorate into pieces of paper or old cloth and these should be burned. 

How Does Pneumonia Occur in Children 

    Pneumonia in children is different from that in the adult.
In adults pneumococci are the principal causative bacteria. The whole lobe of the lung is involved'and becomes as solid and red as a piece of liver. Furthermore, for adults the disease is far more toxic and lethal.. In children, on the other hand, pneumonia is usually caused by streptococcus or staphylococcus. These cause bronchial pneumonia, wihich involves patches of lung through Out a lobe but does not incapacitate the nfhole lobe. The left lung is made up of two lobes and the right of three lobes.
Children Who are victims of this infection should be kept in bed and given penicinin or, if not available, sulpha drugs by
mouth. One tablet every four hours is a reasonable dose but this should be cut down to half a tablet for infants. After two
or three days the dosage should be reduced by half.
The diet and general nursing care should  be the same as for any severe disease. Great care should be taken during the
Convalescents period to make sure that there are no draughts on the patient and, in cold weather, that the air the child breathes
is warm and moist.

Reference

The New Health and Longevity by A. C. Selmon a. The Oriental Watchman Publishing House, 1960. 

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